Jim Wells County, Texas
Jim wells courthouse.jpg
The Jim Wells County Courthouse in Alice
Map of Texas highlighting Jim Wells County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1912
Named for James Babbage Wells Jr.
Seat Alice
Largest city Alice
Area
   Total 868 sq mi (2,248 km2)
   Land 865 sq mi (2,240 km2)
   Water 3 sq mi (8 km2), 0.4%
Population
   (2010) 40,838
Congressional district 34th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.jim-wells.tx.us

Jim Wells County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,838.[1] Its county seat is Alice.[2] The county is named for James Babbage Wells Jr., a political boss in southern Texas.

Jim Wells County comprises the Alice, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Corpus Christi-Kingsville-Alice, TX Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 868 square miles (2,250 km2), of which 865 square miles (2,240 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.4%) is water.[3]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop. %
1920 6,587
1930 13,456 104.3%
1940 20,239 50.4%
1950 27,991 38.3%
1960 34,548 23.4%
1970 33,032 4.4%
1980 36,498 10.5%
1990 37,679 3.2%
2000 39,326 4.4%
2010 40,838 3.8%
Est. 2012 41,754 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1850-2010[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

At the 2000 census,[6] there were 39,326 people, 12,961 households and 10,096 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 per square mile (18/km ). There were 14,819 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km ). The racial makeup of the county was 77.90% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 17.93% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. 75.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,961 households of which 40.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.10% were non-families. 19.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.45.

Age distribution was 31.40% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median household income was $28,843, and the median family income was $32,616. Males had a median income of $30,266 versus $17,190 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,252. About 20.10% of families and 24.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.80% of those under age 18 and 21.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

During the 2004 presidential election, Jim Wells County was one of the few counties in Texas where George W. Bush was defeated by Senator John Kerry. Kerry received 6,824 votes to 5,808 for Bush.

1948 U.S. Senate election

Jim Wells County is known as the home of "Box 13", the infamous ballot box which gave Lyndon Baines Johnson an 86-vote edge over popular former governor Coke Stevenson in the Democratic primary election. It was later demonstrated that these 200 votes were "stuffed" into the ballot box after the polls had closed.[7] Johnson went on to win the election.

Communities

Cities and towns

Villages

Unincorporated areas

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  5. ^ Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 18, 2013
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ Caro, Robert (1991). The Years of Lyndon Johnson: Means of Ascent. ISBN 067973371X. 

External links

Coordinates: 27°44′N 98°05′W / 27.73°N 98.09°W / 27.73; -98.09