|Amenia, New York|
Ten Mile River Metro North Station, Amenia, NY
Location of Amenia, New York
|Town Supervisor||Victoria A. Perotti (R)|
|Total||43.6 sq mi (112.8 km2)|
|Land||43.3 sq mi (112.2 km2)|
|Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|Elevation||568 ft (173 m)|
|Density||100/sq mi (39/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0942425|
The town was part of the Great Nine Partners Patent of 1697, and was first established and settled around 1704. The town was named by American patriot Thomas Young, and the name is derived from the Latin word, amoena, which means "pleasant to the eye." The Town of Amenia was officially formed in 1788.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.6 square miles (112.8 km ), of which, 43.3 square miles (112.2 km ) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km ) of it (0.57%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,048 people, 1,625 households, and 1,074 families residing in the town. The population density was 93.5 people per square mile (36.1/km ). There were 1,814 housing units at an average density of 41.9 per square mile (16.2/km ). The racial makeup of the town was 93.40% White, 2.94% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.77% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.36% of the population.
There were 1,625 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $39,231, and the median income for a family was $51,294. Males had a median income of $32,038 versus $28,769 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,095. About 3.4% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.
Two private schools serving the town are Maplebrook School and The Kildonan School. Maplebrook School is a small boarding school serving adolescents and young adults with learning differences. The Kildonan School is a boarding and day school exclusively for students with dyslexia and language based learning differences.
The Amenia Public Library serves Amenia. The library was founded in 1938 and has a collection of rare historical books.
The main thoroughfare of Amenia is New York State Route 22. State Route 22 runs through every town on the East side of Dutchess County. U.S. Route 44 also passes through Amenia, intersecting Route 22 within the Hamlet of Amenia. Metro-North Railroad has two rail commuter rail stations in Amenia, with service to New York City via the Harlem Line. The Tenmile River station is off Sinpatch Road east of Route 22, and the Wassaic station is 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Tenmile River in a swamp. Trains leave every two hours during midday, evenings and weekends. In rush hour, peak-direction trains leave about every 30 minutes. There is no train service into or out of Amenia after midnight.
Buildings in Amenia listed on the National Register of Historic Places include:
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