|Ringwood, New Jersey|
|Borough of Ringwood|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 22, 1918|
|Type||Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)|
|Mayor||Linda M. Schaefer (term ends December 31, 2013)|
|Clerk||Kelley A. Rohde|
|Total||28.173 sq mi (72.966 km2)|
|Land||25.211 sq mi (65.295 km2)|
|Water||2.962 sq mi (7.671 km2) 10.51%|
|Area rank||96th of 566 in state |
2nd of 16 in county
|Elevation||282 ft (86 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|Rank||199th of 566 in state |
8th of 16 in county
|Density||485.0/sq mi (187.3/km2)|
|Density rank||445th of 566 in state |
15th of 16 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||973 exchange: 962|
|GNIS feature ID||0885370|
Ringwood is a borough in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 12,228, reflecting a decrease of 168 (-1.4%) from the 12,396 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 227 (-1.8%) from the 12,623 counted in the 1990 Census.
The Borough of Ringwood was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1918, from a "portion of the Township of Pompton", as one of three boroughs formed from Pompton Township, joining Bloomingdale and Wanaque, based on the results of a referendum held on March 22, 1918. The first organizational meeting of the Borough Council took place in the existing Borough Hall on May 6, 1918.
The Lenape, an Algonquian language-speaking tribe of Native Americans who occupied much of the mid-Atlantic coastal areas and the interior mountains including along the Delaware River resided in the area of present-day Ringwood when Europeans first entered the area. Some retreated to the mountains to escape colonial encroachment.
Colonists called the local band the Ramapough, and named the Ramapo River and other regional features after them. Their descendants and Afro-Dutch migrants from New York were among the people who formed the multiracial group known as the Ramapough Mountain Indians, recognized in 1980 as a Native American tribe by the state of New Jersey, though the federal government has denied their application for formal recognition.
Early in the 18th century, colonists discovered iron in the area. The Ogden family built a blast furnace in Ringwood in 1742. By 1765, Peter Hasenclever used Ringwood as the center of his ironmaking operations, which included 150,000 acres (610 km2) in New Jersey, New York and Nova Scotia. Iron mining was prominent in the area from the 18th century until the Great Depression, and iron shafts and pits, landfills and other elements still exist. The London, Roomy, Peters and Hope mines were all originally opened by Peter Hasenclever's London Company.
A number of well-known ironmasters owned and lived at Ringwood Manor from the 1740s to the late 19th century. During the American Revolutionary War, Robert Erskine managed ironmaking operations from Ringwood, and became George Washington's first geographer and Surveyor-General, producing maps for the Continental Army. Washington visited the Manor House several times. Ringwood iron was used in the famous Hudson River Chain, and for tools and hardware for the army. One of the Manor's last owners was Abram S. Hewitt, ironmaster, educator, lawyer, U.S. Congressman, and Mayor of New York City. The Manor is part of a National Historic Landmark District.
Ringwood is located at United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 28.173 square miles (72.966 km2), of which, 25.211 square miles (65.295 km2) of it is land and 2.962 square miles (7.671 km2) of it (10.51%) is water.(41.103963, 74.271138). According to the
|Climate data for Ringwood, New Jersey|
|Average high °F (°C)||36 |
|Average low °F (°C)||19 |
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.11 |
|Population sources: 1920 |
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,228 people, 4,182 households, and 3,413 families residing in the borough. The population density was 485.0 inhabitants per square mile (187.3 /km2). There were 4,331 housing units at an average density of 171.8 per square mile (66.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.58% (11,321) White, 1.36% (166) Black or African American, 1.24% (152) Native American, 1.74% (213) Asian, 0.02% (2) Pacific Islander, 1.18% (144) from other races, and 1.88% (230) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.78% (707) of the population.
There were 4,182 households of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the borough, 24.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.1 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $109,139 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,896) and the median family income was $117,793 (+/- $9,712). Males had a median income of $70,086 (+/- $9,303) versus $54,397 (+/- $6,682) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $39,931 (+/- $2,197). Estimates of families and population below the poverty line were not available.
As of the 2000 United States Census there are 12,396 people, 4,108 households, and 3,446 families residing in the borough. The population density is 491.0 people per square mile (189.5/km2). There are 4,221 housing units at an average density of 167.2 per square mile (64.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough is 93.87% White, 1.61% African American, 1.44% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 4.25% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 4,108 households out of which 42.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.5% are married couples living together, 7.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 16.1% are non-families. 12.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 3.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.00 and the average family size is 3.28.
In the borough the population is spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough is $81,636, and the median income for a family is $85,108. Males have a median income of $60,097 versus $36,005 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $31,341. 2.8% of the population and 2.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.9% of those under the age of 18 and 2.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Ringwood operates within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municpal Charter Law) under the Council-Manager form of municipal government Plan E, implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of January 1, 1979. The borough is governed by a seven-member Borough Council whose members are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either three or four seats coming up for election every other year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the council selects a Mayor and a deputy mayor from among its members.
As of 2013[update], members of the Ringwood Borough Council are Mayor Linda M. Schaefer (R, term as mayor and on council ends December 31, 2013), Deputy Mayor John M. Speer (R, term as deputy mayor ends December 31, 2013; term on council ends 2015), Donna S. Anderson (R, 2013), Walter J. Davison (R, 2015), William E. Marsala (R, 2013), James R. Martocci (R, 2015) and Sean T. Noonan (R, 2015).
Ringwood is located in the 5th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 39th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Ringwood had been in the 40th state legislative district.
New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).
The 39th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Gerald Cardinale (R, Demarest) and in the General Assembly by Holly Schepisi (R, River Vale) and Bob Schroeder (R, Washington Township, Bergen County). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected to staggered three-year terms office on an at-large basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2013[update], Passaic County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Bruce James (D, term ends December 31, 2014; Clifton), Freeholder Deputy Director Theodore O. Best Jr. (D, 2014; Paterson), John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne), Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood), Terry Duffy (D, 2013; West Milford), Pat Lepore (D, 2013; Woodland Park) and Hector C. Lora (D, 2015; Passaic). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (2014), Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik and Surrogate Bernice Toledo.
In 2004, the New Jersey Legislature passed the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act, which regulates the New Jersey Highlands region. Ringwood was included in the highlands preservation area and is subject to the rules of the act and the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Council, a division of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. All of the territory in the protected region is classified as being in the highlands preservation area, and thus subject to additional rules.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 8,676 registered voters in Ringwood, of which 1,733 (20.0% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,714 (31.3% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 4,225 (48.7% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 71.0% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 94.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).
In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 3,667 votes here (52.5% vs. 37.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 3,146 votes (45.0% vs. 58.8%) and other candidates with 68 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 6,985 ballots cast by the borough's 8,922 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.3% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 3,636 votes here (54.7% vs. 42.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 2,897 votes (43.6% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 46 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 6,647 ballots cast by the borough's 8,372 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.4% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 2,573 votes here (55.9% vs. 43.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,714 votes (37.2% vs. 50.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 236 votes (5.1% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 50 votes (1.1% vs. 0.9%), among the 4,606 ballots cast by the borough's 8,696 registered voters, yielding a 53.0% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).
Ringwood is serviced by a volunteer ambulance corps and three volunteer fire companies, with each fire company covering one section of the borough. The Erskine Lakes Fire Company covers Erskine Lakes, Cupsaw Lake, Upper Ringwood and portions of Ringwood State Park. The other companies are Ringwood Volunteer Fire Company (Stonetown) and Skyline Lake Fire Department.
Students in Kindergarten through eighth grade attend the schools of the Ringwood Public School District. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Peter Cooper Elementary School (grades K-3; 275 students), Robert Erskine Elementary School (K-3; 242), Eleanor G. Hewitt Intermediate School (4-5; 287) and Martin J. Ryerson Middle School (6-8; 447).
Ringwood's public schools are supported in part with grants from the Ringwood Educational Foundation, a not-for-profit organization which sponsors, among other things, the annual Shepherd Lake 5K run.
Private schools include St. Catherine of Bologna School, a regional Roman Catholic parochial school that serves kindergarteners through eighth grade, with part-time or full-time pre-school and pre-Kindergarten sessions, operating under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Ringwood Christian School, which was founded in 1973 through the Ringwood Baptist Church, serves 80 students in Kindergarten through eighth grade, with part-time sessions available for pre-schoolers.
Depending on where they live, Ringwood residents may be entitled to join one of three private lake communities: Cupsaw Lake, Erskine Lakes or Skyline Lakes, each of which have annual fees and initiation fees.
Each year on the third Saturday in March, Ringwood holds its annual St. Patrick's Day Parade, the only such parade in Passaic County. Since 1990, the Parade Committee selects a Grand Marshall and a Citizen of the Year. These chosen outstanding citizens of the community are honored at a Unity Breakfast that precedes the parade. The parade includes bagpipe bands, floats, Irish step dancers, the county sheriff's department with their equestrian unit, local police, and fire and ambulance departments. Other marchers include Girl Scout and Boy Scout troops, local school groups and other recreational teams. The parade ends at the St. Catherine of Bologna Church Parish Center, where the celebration continues with live music and entertainment.
The borough had a total of 87.52 miles (140.85 km) of roadways, of which 72.73 miles (117.05 km) are maintained by the municipality and 14.79 miles (23.80 km) by Passaic County.
Skyline Drive connects Ringwood and Oakland through Ringwood State Park. There are no state, U.S., or Interstate highways in Ringwood. In June 2013, the first traffic light was installed in Ringwood, at the intersection of Skyline Drive and Erskine Road, though the borough still has no sidewalks or street lights.
New Jersey Transit bus transportation is available at the Ringwood Park and Ride, located adjacent to Ringwood Public Library. The 196 offers express bus service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, while the 197 route offers local service, including to the Willowbrook Mall and Willowbrook Park and Ride.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ringwood include:
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