Solon City Hall
Location of Solon in Ohio
Location of Solon in Cuyahoga County
|Mayor||Susan A. Drucker.|
|Total||20.49 sq mi (53.07 km2)|
|Land||20.36 sq mi (52.73 km2)|
|Water||0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)|
|Elevation||1,040 ft (317 m)|
|Density||1,146.8/sq mi (442.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1046426|
Solon (SOH-lin) is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, and is an affluent suburb of Cleveland in the Northeast Ohio Region, the 15th largest Combined Statistical Area in the United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2012, the city population was estimated at 23,160.
In 2013, Solon was also ranked as one of the "Best Places to Raise Kids" by Bloomberg Businessweek and granted a Google eCity award, recognizing it as the city with the strongest online business community in Ohio.
In 1820, the first settlers arrived from Connecticut to live in part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The township was named after Lorenzo Solon Bull, who was the son of Isaac Bull, one of the first settlers. Purportedly, the selection of young Lorenzo's middle name was due to its derivation from the father of democracy, Solon, the famous Athenian lawmaker of Ancient Greece.
The early settlers faced challenges common to pioneers, but in Solon, drainage and wetlands issues complicated settlement and agriculture. Overcoming these obstacles, Solon Township became an arable farming area, producing corn and wheat crops and supporting dairy farms (including 5 cheese factories). By 1850, the population of Solon Township reached 1,034.
Due to nearby Cleveland's position as a national hub of the railroad industry, rail also contributed greatly to Solon's growth. In 1857, the Cleveland-Youngstown section of the Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad established a line running through Solon.
Laid out in a traditional New England plan, Solon, like many of the neighboring townships, established a public square in its town center. In conjunction with townships to the north, a north-south corridor was established through the town centers of Solon, Orange, and Mayfield townships (from south to north, respectively) and, accordingly, was named SOM Center Road (now Ohio 91). Solon Township included the current municipalities of the City of Solon and the villages of Bentleyville and Glenwillow. In 1917, Solon was incorporated as a village and later became a city in 1961, operated under the mayor-council form of government.
Solon was one of the first cities to use a comprehensive zoning plan and has been able to achieve a strong industrial base, while insulating its bedroom communities from industrial activities. Further, the city has primarily concentrated its commercial and retail districts in the town center, making them convenient to all residents. In addition to its planned use for corporate and residential areas, Solon has 687 acres (2.78 km2) of city parks and recreational area, 360 acres (1.5 km2) of Cleveland Metroparks (the South Chagrin Reservation) and 3 golf courses within its borders.
In 1991, the extension of a divided highway, US 422, was completed as an east-west corridor just north of its town center. US 422 enables easy access to many points throughout Northeast Ohio, providing a corridor extending from Cleveland through Solon and beyond Warren into Pennsylvania.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Solon is located at (41.389871, -81.442330).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.49 square miles (53.07 km2), of which, 20.36 square miles (52.73 km2) is land and 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2) is water.
Like other Great Lakes region cities, Solon lies in a humid continental climate zone (K ppen Dfa) and has four distinct seasons, from hot summers to cold and snowy winters. The highest recorded temperature in the city was 102 °F in 1918, and the lowest -25 °F in 1994.
Solon is located 18 miles (29 km) from Cleveland in the southeast corner of Cuyahoga County, adjacent to three other counties: Geauga, Portage and Summit (listed here clockwise from east to south). The city is bordered Moreland Hills, Chagrin Falls, Bainbridge, Reminderville, Twinsburg, Glenwillow, Bedford Heights, and Orange (as shown in the graphic below).
Despite their similar names, Solon is not adjacent to South Solon, Ohio, a village located in Madison County in Central Ohio, approximately 35 miles west of Columbus. The two "Solons" are approximately 170 miles apart.
| ||Orange||Moreland Hills||Chagrin Falls|
As of 2010, the median income for a household in the city was $96,965, and the median income for a family was $112,156. The per capita income for the city was $47,505. About 2.0% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line.
As of the census of 2010, there were 23,348 people, 8,352 households, and 6,769 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,146.8 inhabitants per square mile (442.8 /km2). There were 8,765 housing units at an average density of 430.5 per square mile (166.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 10.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 10.0% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.
There were 8,352 households of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.7% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 19.0% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.13.
The median age in the city was 43.1 years. 27.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 34.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
In 1929, the Bready Cultimotor tractor company became the first industrial company to locate in Solon. Since then, Solon has served as home to many multi-national companies, including several global and North American headquarters. Accordingly, Solon is considered a satellite city, which is defined as a suburban community containing an employment base sufficient to support its residential population (even though the community is integrated through cross-commuting in a much larger metropolitan area).
Today, according to city government authorities, Solon has major clusters of businesses in five manufacturing industries: 1) electronic and electrical equipment, 2) industrial and commercial machinery, 3) measuring and controlling devices and instruments, 4) chemicals and allied products, and 5) fabricated metal products. Over 8,000, or 75%, of Solon's 10,700 manufacturing jobs are concentrated in these five industry sectors.
Major employers include: Nestl Prepared Foods (headquarters of Stouffer Foods), Swagelok, Erico Products, Signature of Solon, Keithley Instruments, Arrow Electronics, and L'Or al Products (through acquisition of the headquarters of Matrix Essentials hair products). Other well-known businesses include: the Cleveland Clinic, King Nut Company, and First Class Limos.
Wrap Tite, a small business in town that is a manufacturer of stretch wrap and other packing and shipping products, was given a $1.5 million Small Business Administration (SBA)-supported loan in summer of 2011, a fact emphasized by Vice President Joseph Biden and SBA head Karen Mills when they visited Solon on Tuesday, September 20, 2011 to announce a $20 billion three-year commitment by 13 major banking chains to increase lending to small businesses in underserved communities.
The Robbins Company, a leading international manufacturer of tunnel boring machines founded in 1952, is headquartered in Solon. Robbins employs over 150 individuals in the city and has produced a number of industry innovations.
As of 2014, the top ten employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|2||Nestle Prepared Foods Company||2225|
|3||ERICO International Corporation||505|
|5||National Enterprise Systems||500|
|6||LPS Lender Processing Services||425|
|7||Cleveland Clinic Solon Center||425|
|9||MRI Software LLC||320|
Solon is home to an active performing arts community. The Solon Center for the Arts offers classes in art, music, dance, and theater. The center holds a program for seniors entitled "Act II: Aging Creatively through the Arts," for those over 55 interested in theater or music.
The city is also home to the Solon Philharmonic Orchestra, and hosts an annual Young Artists Concerto Competition.
The Solon Police Department (SPD) consist of men and women whose job is to serve and protect the city of Solon. The station is located right off of Solon Road and is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The department consists of 46 officers, 14 dispatchers, 16 correction officers, 8 office staff, 1 animal warden, 19 Auxiliary police, and 6 school guards. The station has several services that are broken into 8 different departments, each handle responsibilities that are different than the other departments.
A majority of children from Solon and neighboring Glenwillow are educated through the acclaimed Solon City Schools public school system. The Solon City School District has been consistently ranked as one of the State of Ohio top 10 school districts as well as receiving praise from publications such as Newsweek, and US News and World Report.
Solon Schools have also received honors such as the Red Quill and Red Quill Legacy awards multiple years from the ACT organization. Schools have also received National Blue Ribbon School recognition, considered to be one of the highest honors for American schools, many times over the past few decades.
The district contains seven schools:
St. Rita Catholic School is a private religious institution, associated with the St. Rita Roman Catholic Parish Church in Solon, that offers primary, middle, and junior high school programs. St. Rita has also received National Blue Ribbon School designation from the United States government.
Solon has a very active single-stream recycling program. Residents can place all recycling materials (paper, plastics (from 1 through 7), tin, cardboard, and glass) in the same clear bag for curbside pick-up with no need to separate the various materials. Once per month, the city also collects computers, auto batteries, heavy steel (license plates, bed frames etc.), carpet padding, propane cylinders, fire extinguishers, liquids and solids such as paints, oil, household hazardous waste, pool chemicals, fertilizers, etc. The city also has a composting program. They collect leaves, grass clippings, etc. and turn it into compost that is then given back to the citizens at a nominal cost, currently $2.00 per bag, $1.00 for senior citizens.
The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in Solon, Ohio.
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