Controlled growth is a blanket term for various situations that occur when restrictions are placed on real estate expansion in a certain area. Such controls come in many different forms; direct legal restrictions due to zoning laws that impede development are the most prevalent type of controls, yet indirect restrictions like those caused by economic limitations on the investments flowing into an area have more or less the same effect. Controlled growth patterns are not entirely unwelcome by investors and real estate agents: Such growth, after all, often indicates more stable markets than other sporadic forms of development and investiture can realize. Developers who stay abreast of local controls and maintain open communication channels with the legislative bodies that implement them can actually reach an optimal rate of development. Controlled growth allows for manageable workloads and more consistent expansion opportunities.